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Climate, Average Weather of Turkey

  • Of the land area, 16.9% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 2.2% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 48.2% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry summers (Cs), 32.7% has a alpine/ highland climate (H).
  • Of the population, 14.1% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 2.7% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 64.1% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry summers (Cs), 19.2% live in a alpine/ highland climate (H).
Lat Long Alt m(ft) Climate Biome Av Temp Precip
Edirne4140'N2634'E51 (167)Humid subtropicalWarm temperate dry forest14 (56)578 (23)
Zonguldak4127'N3148'E137 (449)Marine west coastCool temperate wet forest14 (56)1194 (47)
Kastamonu4122'N3347'E800 (2625)Marine west coastCool temperate steppe10 (49)484 (19)
Samsun4117'N3618'E4 (13)Humid subtropicalCool temperate moist forest14 (58)692 (27)
Rize412'N4031'E9 (30)Humid subtropical14 (57)2171 (85)
Istanbul4058'N295'E40 (131)Humid subtropicalWarm temperate dry forest14 (57)439 (17)
Giresun4055'N3823'E37 (121)Humid subtropicalCool temperate wet forest14 (58)1236 (49)
Goztepe4054'N299'E18 (59)MediterraneanWarm temperate dry forest14 (57)697 (27)
Kars4033'N435'E1795 (5889)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest5 (41)463 (18)
Corum4033'N3457'E776 (2546)MediterraneanCool temperate steppe11 (51)449 (18)
Bursa4011'N294'E100 (328)MediterraneanCool temperate moist forest14 (58)706 (28)
Canakkale408'N2624'E6 (20)Mediterranean15 (59)634 (25)
Erzurum3957'N4110'E1758 (5768)Humid continentalCool temperate steppe6 (43)414 (16)
Ankara3957'N3253'E891 (2923)MediterraneanCool temperate steppe12 (53)415 (16)
Eskisehir3947'N3034'E786 (2579)MediterraneanCool temperate steppe11 (52)388 (15)
Sivas3945'N371'E1285 (4216)SubarcticCool temperate steppe9 (48)427 (17)
Erzincan3942'N3931'E1154 (3786)SubarcticCool temperate steppe11 (51)381 (15)
Balikesir3937'N2755'E102 (335)MediterraneanWarm temperate dry forest15 (58)587 (23)
Afyon3845'N3032'E1034 (3392)MediterraneanCool temperate steppe11 (52)399 (16)
Kayseri3843'N3529'E1055 (3461)MediterraneanCool temperate steppe10 (50)387 (15)
Usak3841'N2924'E919 (3015)MediterraneanWarm temperate dry forest12 (54)541 (21)
Van3828'N4321'E1671 (5482)SubarcticCool temperate steppe9 (48)385 (15)
Malatya3826'N385'E849 (2785)MediterraneanCool temperate steppe14 (56)411 (16)
Izmir3826'N2710'E29 (95)MediterraneanWarm temperate dry forest18 (64)692 (27)
Nigde3758'N3441'E1210 (3970)Mid-latitude steppeCool temperate steppe11 (51)324 (13)
Konya3758'N3233'E1031 (3383)MediterraneanCool temperate steppe12 (53)338 (13)
Siirt3755'N4157'E896 (2940)MediterraneanWarm temperate dry forest16 (61)710 (28)
Diyarbakir3753'N4012'E674 (2211)MediterraneanWarm temperate dry forest16 (61)498 (20)
Isparta3745'N3033'E997 (3271)MediterraneanCool temperate moist forest12 (54)546 (22)
Kahramanmaras3736'N3656'E572 (1877)MediterraneanCool temperate moist forest17 (62)719 (28)
Hakkari3734'N4346'E1728 (5669)SubarcticCool temperate steppe10 (50)818 (32)
Mugla3713'N2822'E646 (2119)MediterraneanWarm temperate moist forest15 (59)1222 (48)
Urfa378'N3846'E549 (1801)MediterraneanSubtropical thorn woodland18 (64)482 (19)
Adana3659'N3518'E20 (66)MediterraneanSubtropical dry forest19 (66)698 (27)
Antalya3652'N3044'E64 (210)MediterraneanSubtropical dry forest18 (65)1078 (42)
Mersin3648'N3438'E3 (10)MediterraneanSubtropical dry forest18 (65)634 (25)
 Turkey Average3911'N3427'E658 (2160)MediterraneanCool temperate steppe13 (55)645 (25)

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