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Climate & Temperature > Turkey Climate
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Climate, Average Weather of Turkey

  • Of the land area, 16.9% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 2.2% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 48.2% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry summers (Cs), 32.7% has a alpine/ highland climate (H).
  • Of the population, 14.1% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 2.7% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 64.1% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry summers (Cs), 19.2% live in a alpine/ highland climate (H).
Location Lat. Long. Alt. m(ft) Climate Biome Av. Temp. Precip.
Edirne4140'N2634'E51 (167)CfaWarm temperate dry forest14 (56)578 (23)
Zonguldak4127'N3148'E137 (449)CfbCool temperate wet forest14 (56)1194 (47)
Kastamonu4122'N3347'E800 (2625)CfbCool temperate steppe10 (49)484 (19)
Samsun4117'N3618'E4 (13)CsaCool temperate moist forest14 (58)692 (27)
Rize412'N4031'E9 (30)Cfa-14 (57)2171 (85)
Istanbul4058'N295'E40 (131)CfaWarm temperate dry forest14 (57)439 (17)
Giresun4055'N3823'E37 (121)CfaCool temperate wet forest14 (58)1236 (49)
Goztepe4054'N299'E18 (59)CsaWarm temperate dry forest14 (57)697 (27)
Kars4033'N435'E1795 (5889)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (41)463 (18)
Corum4033'N3457'E776 (2546)CsbCool temperate steppe11 (51)449 (18)
Bursa4011'N294'E100 (328)CsaCool temperate moist forest14 (58)706 (28)
Canakkale408'N2624'E6 (20)Csa-15 (59)634 (25)
Erzurum3957'N4110'E1758 (5768)DfbCool temperate steppe6 (43)414 (16)
Ankara3957'N3253'E891 (2923)CsaCool temperate steppe12 (53)415 (16)
Eskisehir3947'N3034'E786 (2579)CsbCool temperate steppe11 (52)388 (15)
Sivas3945'N371'E1285 (4216)DsbCool temperate steppe9 (48)427 (17)
Erzincan3942'N3931'E1154 (3786)DsaCool temperate steppe11 (51)381 (15)
Balikesir3937'N2755'E102 (335)CsaWarm temperate dry forest15 (58)587 (23)
Afyon3845'N3032'E1034 (3392)CsbCool temperate steppe11 (52)399 (16)
Kayseri3843'N3529'E1055 (3461)CsaCool temperate steppe10 (50)387 (15)
Usak3841'N2924'E919 (3015)CsaWarm temperate dry forest12 (54)541 (21)
Van3828'N4321'E1671 (5482)DsbCool temperate steppe9 (48)385 (15)
Malatya3826'N385'E849 (2785)CsaCool temperate steppe14 (56)411 (16)
Izmir3826'N2710'E29 (95)CsaWarm temperate dry forest18 (64)692 (27)
Nigde3758'N3441'E1210 (3970)BSkCool temperate steppe11 (51)324 (13)
Konya3758'N3233'E1031 (3383)BSkCool temperate steppe12 (53)338 (13)
Siirt3755'N4157'E896 (2940)CsaWarm temperate dry forest16 (61)710 (28)
Diyarbakir3753'N4012'E674 (2211)CsaWarm temperate dry forest16 (61)498 (20)
Isparta3745'N3033'E997 (3271)CsaCool temperate moist forest12 (54)546 (22)
Kahramanmaras3736'N3656'E572 (1877)CsaCool temperate moist forest17 (62)719 (28)
Hakkari3734'N4346'E1728 (5669)DsaCool temperate steppe10 (50)818 (32)
Mugla3713'N2822'E646 (2119)CsaWarm temperate moist forest15 (59)1222 (48)
Urfa378'N3846'E549 (1801)CsaSubtropical thorn woodland18 (64)482 (19)
Adana3659'N3518'E20 (66)CsaSubtropical dry forest19 (66)698 (27)
Antalya3652'N3044'E64 (210)CsaSubtropical dry forest18 (65)1078 (42)
Mersin3648'N3438'E3 (10)CsaSubtropical dry forest18 (65)634 (25)
 Turkey Average3911'N3427'E658 (2160)CsaCool temperate steppe13 (55)645 (25)

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