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Climate & Temperature > Turkey Climate
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Climate, Average Weather of Turkey

  • Of the land area, 16.9% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 2.2% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 48.2% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry summers (Cs), 32.7% has a alpine/ highland climate (H).
  • Of the population, 14.1% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 2.7% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 64.1% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry summers (Cs), 19.2% live in a alpine/ highland climate (H).
Location Lat. Long. Alt. m(ft) Climate Biome Av. Temp. Precip.
Edirne41°40'N26°34'E51 (167)CfaWarm temperate dry forest14 (56)578 (23)
Zonguldak41°27'N31°48'E137 (449)CfbCool temperate wet forest14 (56)1194 (47)
Kastamonu41°22'N33°47'E800 (2625)CfbCool temperate steppe10 (49)484 (19)
Samsun41°17'N36°18'E4 (13)CsaCool temperate moist forest14 (58)692 (27)
Rize41°2'N40°31'E9 (30)Cfa-14 (57)2171 (85)
Istanbul40°58'N29°5'E40 (131)CfaWarm temperate dry forest14 (57)439 (17)
Giresun40°55'N38°23'E37 (121)CfaCool temperate wet forest14 (58)1236 (49)
Goztepe40°54'N29°9'E18 (59)CsaWarm temperate dry forest14 (57)697 (27)
Kars40°33'N43°5'E1795 (5889)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (41)463 (18)
Corum40°33'N34°57'E776 (2546)CsbCool temperate steppe11 (51)449 (18)
Bursa40°11'N29°4'E100 (328)CsaCool temperate moist forest14 (58)706 (28)
Canakkale40°8'N26°24'E6 (20)Csa-15 (59)634 (25)
Erzurum39°57'N41°10'E1758 (5768)DfbCool temperate steppe6 (43)414 (16)
Ankara39°57'N32°53'E891 (2923)CsaCool temperate steppe12 (53)415 (16)
Eskisehir39°47'N30°34'E786 (2579)CsbCool temperate steppe11 (52)388 (15)
Sivas39°45'N37°1'E1285 (4216)DsbCool temperate steppe9 (48)427 (17)
Erzincan39°42'N39°31'E1154 (3786)DsaCool temperate steppe11 (51)381 (15)
Balikesir39°37'N27°55'E102 (335)CsaWarm temperate dry forest15 (58)587 (23)
Afyon38°45'N30°32'E1034 (3392)CsbCool temperate steppe11 (52)399 (16)
Kayseri38°43'N35°29'E1055 (3461)CsaCool temperate steppe10 (50)387 (15)
Usak38°41'N29°24'E919 (3015)CsaWarm temperate dry forest12 (54)541 (21)
Van38°28'N43°21'E1671 (5482)DsbCool temperate steppe9 (48)385 (15)
Malatya38°26'N38°5'E849 (2785)CsaCool temperate steppe14 (56)411 (16)
Izmir38°26'N27°10'E29 (95)CsaWarm temperate dry forest18 (64)692 (27)
Nigde37°58'N34°41'E1210 (3970)BSkCool temperate steppe11 (51)324 (13)
Konya37°58'N32°33'E1031 (3383)BSkCool temperate steppe12 (53)338 (13)
Siirt37°55'N41°57'E896 (2940)CsaWarm temperate dry forest16 (61)710 (28)
Diyarbakir37°53'N40°12'E674 (2211)CsaWarm temperate dry forest16 (61)498 (20)
Isparta37°45'N30°33'E997 (3271)CsaCool temperate moist forest12 (54)546 (22)
Kahramanmaras37°36'N36°56'E572 (1877)CsaCool temperate moist forest17 (62)719 (28)
Hakkari37°34'N43°46'E1728 (5669)DsaCool temperate steppe10 (50)818 (32)
Mugla37°13'N28°22'E646 (2119)CsaWarm temperate moist forest15 (59)1222 (48)
Urfa37°8'N38°46'E549 (1801)CsaSubtropical thorn woodland18 (64)482 (19)
Adana36°59'N35°18'E20 (66)CsaSubtropical dry forest19 (66)698 (27)
Antalya36°52'N30°44'E64 (210)CsaSubtropical dry forest18 (65)1078 (42)
Mersin36°48'N34°38'E3 (10)CsaSubtropical dry forest18 (65)634 (25)
 Turkey Average39°11'N34°27'E658 (2160)CsaCool temperate steppe13 (55)645 (25)

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